People living in the Dark Ages did not know they were living in the Dark Ages. It is a name given to the time from about AD 500 to AD 1000 by historians in the 1400s to describe the centuries after the end of the Roman rule in Europe. |
When the Roman army and government moved out they left no real leadership to speak of. In Britain local leaders fought between themselves and against the flow of Saxons who came from Saxony (now part of Germany) for the excellent farmland. Many myths and legends, like that of King Arthur and the Knights of the Round Table, came from stories about these battles. The only strong force that continued throughout these years was the Church, which became increasingly involved in everyday affairs. The lack of organised government meant that there was a return to the oral tradition, when people pass on history by word of mouth. Because there are hardly any written records left from this time, very little is known about it and that is why it is called the Dark Ages. However, it is also thought that it was a time of war, pestilence and famine, and possibly lots of bad weather. There are many theories as to why this might of happened, including a huge volcanic eruption or a meteor landing.