Dice are thought to be the oldest gaming device used by man and are used in countless games around the world. They probably originated as magical devices which primitive people threw to tell the future. Their cuboid shape comes from early forms of dice which were probably knuckle or ankle bones from animals (most likely sheep). The Greeks and Romans played a game called Tali using these bones as pieces, but later made them out of other materials, even gold. Many early cultures such as the Mayans and Aztecs, Eskimos, and Africans played with dice made out of many different things - fruit stones, seeds, pebbles, pottery and animal bones and teeth. Ancient equivalents to modern dice have been found in Egyptian tombs dating back to 2000BC.

Like many games today, in the ancient game of backgammon, two dice are thrown to determine the number of moves to be taken. .Dice today are mainly made out of plastic and are either 'perfect' hand-made dice with square corners or 'imperfect' machine-made ones with round corners. There are Asian variations of dice which have the one spot painted big and red, they are also often smaller and used in threes instead of pairs. Some dice are made especially for cheating, and are not perfect cubes or are loaded with weights so that they fall on a certain side.