Mohammed, or Muhammad, is the founding prophet of the religion of Islam. He was born in about AD 570 in Mecca in western Arabia and died in AD 632 in Medina. His full name was Abu al-Qasim Muhammad ibn 'Abdallah ibn 'Abd-al-Muttalib ibn Hashim which means 'father of Al-Qasim Muhammad son of Abdallah son of Abd-al-Muttalib son of Hashim'.

In about AD 610 Muhammad began to receive revelations from the angel Gabriel about the one God. He taught these revelations to his followers, who were the first Muslims. In AD 622 Muhammad and his followers were forced to flee from Mecca to Medina, which was an oasis 200 miles north of Mecca. Muhammad became the political and religious leader of Medina and soon converted all the neighbouring tribes to Islam. Islam spread rapidly throughout the Middle East under Muhammad's successors, the caliphs, which means 'followers'. The revelations that Muhammad received are written down in the Koran.

Muhammad is admired for his courage, resoluteness, impartiality, firmness, and generosity. He was gentle, especially with children. For Muslims he is the most virtuous person and represents the Islamic ideal of human life.