Jacobean England is used to describe England during the time when James I was king, which was from 1603 to 1625. Jacobean comes from the name Jacob, which is Latin for James. The Jacobean period followed the Elizabethan period, which was the time when Elizabeth I was Queen.|
The Jacobean and Elizabethan period are often called the time of the English Renaissance, like the Italian Renaissance which happened earlier. This is because they were a time when lots of advances were made in the arts and the sciences. In the arts, for example, they were the periods when William Shakespeare wrote all his plays. In science they were when Francis Bacon wrote his great works the New Atlantis and Novum Organon. These formed the basis of experimental science that developed later in the 17th century.