Ramadan is the ninth month in the Islamic year, the equivalent of September. However, unlike the Christian calendar which is based on the movement of the sun, the Islamic calendar is based on the movement of the moon. This means that the Islamic year is 354 days long not 365 and that Islamic months have only 28.5 days in them. The consequence of this is that Islamic months move 11 days earlier from one year to the next compared to Christian months. So in some years Ramadan can be in the middle of Summer and in other years it can be in the middle of winter or at other times. At the moment, Ramadan occurs around Christmas time.

Ramdan is the month of fasting for Muslims. It commemorates when the Koran was told to Muhammad by the Angel Gabriel. Fasting begins at dawn and ends at sunset, and during the day eating and drinking are forbidden. Old people and the sick don't have to fast. Fasting during Ramadan is one of five compulsory things that Muslims must do. The five compulsory things are called the Five Pillars of Islam. The other ones are saying prayers five times each day, giving money to the poor and needy, making a pilgrimage to Mecca, and professing the Muslim faith.