Nuremberg, or Nürnberg as it is spelt in German, is an important city in southern Germany. It is a very ancient city and was an important trading centre and place for the study of mathematics in the Renaissance. Many merchants, craftsmen and scientific instrument makers worked in Nuremberg. They all required the services of mathematicians to do their jobs. The instrument maker Paul Reinmann worked there, for example, and so did the astronomer Regiomontanus.

In the Second World War Nuremberg was a Nazi centre and was very badly bombed by the Allies. It was also the place where the Nuremberg War Trials took place. Today the German Nationalmuseum is in Nuremberg, which contains a large collection of important mathematical instruments such as globes and sundials.